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Consonant Sounds
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... are produced by completely or partially stopping the breath.
... can be voiceless (VL) or voiced (VD) .
... often come in sound pairs.

  lips together bottom lip - teeth tongue - teeth tongue on toothridge hard palate back of tongue on soft palate throat
  VL VD VL VD VL VD VL VD VL VD VL VD VL
stop p  b     t  d   k  g  
fricative   f  v  vdth s  z sh zh   h
affricate         ch dzh    
nasal m     n   ng  
liquid       l r    
glide         y w