Written TH is pronounced several ways.
I wonder how an American pronounces TH /θ/ in…
(complete linking course)
Before we begin, let’s learn the secret of
pronouncing American English /ð/,
as in the word without.
First, stick your tongue out.
Don’t say anything as you do this.
Then, as you pull your tongue back in,
that is when you pronounce written th…/ð/
It’s important to learn to pronounce th /θ, ð/.
It’s never reduced.
It never changes to another sound when we link.
There’s no escaping th. 🙂
Appearances can be deceiving.
That means that what looks easy…isn’t always easy.
The word ‘without‘ falls into this category.
In writing, we separate the syllables … with-out
In pronunciation, we say … wi–THOUT
Stress is on the second syllable … /wɪ-ˈðawt/
Do you take coffee with sugar or without?
In natural speech, however, we
don’t say words separately.
We connect words together. We link them.
Sometimes we move the t at the end of the
word ‘without‘ to the beginning of the following word.
When do we do that? Let’s see.
t + vowel sound
[linking pattern #1]
without a … without an
/wɪ-ˈðaw–də/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–dən/
without ever … without eggs … without us
/wɪ-ˈðaw-ˈdɛ–vɚ/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–dɛgz/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–dəs/
I can’t live without a computer.
without a doubt
Giraffes are, without a doubt,
the tallest animals in the world.
without a care
I finished my project.
Now I can go on vacation
without a care in the world.
without a paddle
If I don’t do a better job, I’m going to get fired.
Then I’ll be up the creek without a paddle.
without an umbrella
Don’t leave the house
without an umbrella! It’s raining.
We can talk to people all over the world
without ever leaving home.
Can you make a cake without eggs? I don’t know.
The men finished the job without us.
t + y = /t͡ʃ/
without you … without your
/wɪ-ˈðaw–t͡ʃuw/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–t͡ʃɚ/
Hurry up. I don’t want to
go shopping without you.
I couldn’t have done it without you.
Don’t go out without your
umbrella and boots. It’s raining.
You never leave the house
without your cell phone, do you?
1. say the /ð/ as
you pull your tongue back in
2. stress is on 2nd syllable
3. look for possible linking patterns
t + vowel sound … t + y = /t͡ʃ/