Reduction is when a vowel in an unstessed syllable is pronounced /ә, ɪ/ or disappears completely.
Before we go on vacation,
what are some things we have to do?
Pattern: have to /hæf-tə/ + main verb
We write: We have to do a lot of things.
We say: We hafta do a lot of things.
Of course, first we have to save some money.
Then we have to pick a date.
When is a good time to go?
If we’re going to another country, then we have to get a passport.
We have to find a place to stay…a youth hostel, a hotel, a campground.
Oh, and we have to go shopping for some new clothes.
And then we have to pack a suitcase with our new clothes.
Right before we leave, we have to stop mail delivery.
Then we finally go on vacation.
And when we get home from vacation, we have to go back to work.
Pattern: I, you, we, they have to /hæf-tə/+ main verb
But: He, she, it has to /hæs-tə/+ main verb
So, listen to these sentences.
1. We have to save money. /hæf-tə/
2. He has to save money. /hæs-tə/
3. She has to save money. /hæs-tə/
Now you can practice all the sentences in this lesson using “has to.”