Soon I’m going to plan my summer vacation.
To get some ideas, I asked my friends,
“Where are you going to go on vacation?”
From their answers, it looks like a big year for travel in the U.S.
Our reduction this week is: going to = gonna /gʌ-nə/
Pattern: gonna /gʌ-nə/ + main verb
We write: I am going to take a vacation.
We say: I’m gonna take a vacation.
So, let’s see what people are going to do this summer.
One friend is going to drive to Washington, D.C.
Another one is going to fly to Minnesota, the “Land of 10,000 Lakes.”
My daughter is going to visit the national parks in Arizona and Utah.
A neighbor is going to go to a rodeo in Texas.
And I’m sure many people are going to come to New York.
But not everybody’s going to travel this year.
Some people (and dogs) are just going to stay home and relax.
So let’s review: going to + main verb = gonna /gʌ-nə/ + main verb
Note: If “going” is the main verb, there is no reduction.
Compare these two sentences: [main verb in red]
I’m going to New York. [‘going’ is the main verb]
I’m going to go to New York. [gonna + go]