I wonder how an American pronounces…
First, stick your tongue out.
Don’t say anything as you do this.
Then, as you pull your tongue back in,
that is when you pronounce written th…/ð/
Appearances can be deceiving.
That means that what looks easy…isn’t always easy.
The word ‘without‘ falls into this category.
In writing, we separate the syllables … with-out
In pronunciation, we say … wi–THOUT
Stress is on the second syllable … /wɪ-ˈðawt/
Do you take coffee with sugar or without?
We connect words together. We link them.
Sometimes we move the t at the end of the
word ‘without‘ to the beginning of the following word.
When do we do that? Let’s see.
t + vowel sound
without a … without an
/wɪ-ˈðaw–də/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–dən/
without ever … without eggs … without us
/wɪ-ˈðaw-ˈdɛ–vɚ/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–dɛgz/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–dəs/
I can’t live without a computer.
Giraffes are, without a doubt,
the tallest animals in the world.
I finished my project.
Now I can go on vacation
without a care in the world.
If I don’t do a better job, I’m going to get fired.
Then I’ll be up the creek without a paddle.
Don’t leave the house
without an umbrella! It’s raining.
We can talk to people all over the world
without ever leaving home.
Can you make a cake without eggs? I don’t know.
The men finished the job without us.
t + y = /t͡ʃ/
without you … without your
/wɪ-ˈðaw–t͡ʃuw/ … /wɪ-ˈðaw–t͡ʃɚ/
Hurry up. I don’t want to
go shopping without you.
I couldn’t have done it without you.
Don’t go out without your
umbrella and boots. It’s raining.
You never leave the house
without your cell phone, do you?
1. say the /ð/ as
you pull your tongue back in
2. stress is on 2nd syllable
3. look for possible linking patterns
t + vowel sound … t + y = /t͡ʃ/